She was the first escort carrier to operate as a convoy escort sailing with convoy, OG on September 13th Although she only carried maximum of 8 fighters and had only a brief active career before being sunk, she had shown that the concept worked. The idea of converting merchant hulls into vessels capable of operating naval aircraft was to be taken forward by the US Navy who began utilising merchant 'C3' type freighter hulls for conversions into escort carriers. Archer was the first to be handed over, commissioning in November
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Subscriber Account active since. At a. They swarmed airfields and warships with bombs and torpedoes, causing a massive amount of damage. A little more than an hour later, a second wave of aircraft arrived, wreaking more havoc before returning to six Japanese aircraft carriers some miles off the coast of Hawaii. By the time the smoke cleared, the crippling damage was apparent.
For scale and efficiency, few industrial achievements could match it. When the United States abruptly faced a severe shortage of flight decks in December , a quick fix was found. Commissioned in June , she was capable of 17 knots and proved the merchant conversion concept, but saw little combat. The next four escort carriers were the Sangamon class, converted from oilers to flattops in as little as six months.
Hull numbers not listed below are accounted for as follows:. Hull No. Sangamon was a fleet oiler AO 28 before being converted to an escort carrier. Suwannee was a fleet oiler AO 33 before being converted to an escort carrier.